Mother Pregnancy Care

When you are pregnant, there must be a lot of questions running in your mind as what care you must take, what to eat and what to avoid, what precautions you must do and what must not do.

              This PREGNANCY SECTION is designed to be a resource for all the women who are planning pregnancy or are pregnant or just became new parents. With my 12 YEARS EXPERIENCE helping hundreds of thousands of pregnant patients, this site will have all the wealth of Important ONLINE INFORMATION regarding pregnancy and the compassionate journey to motherhood. This section will provide the holistic approach   to caters to women interested in HEALTHY PREGNANCY, childbirth, and a HAPPY POSTPARTUM.

 This is a great source for those looking to fully embrace #motherhood….


Even though a lot of people expect to recognize the “perfect time” to have a baby, the reality is the timing may never feel totally perfect. 

Parenting can be joyful, rewarding, and life-changing — many parents say it’s the best decision they ever made. The loving bond you share with your kids and the pride you take in your child’s accomplishments can be really fulfilling. But before planning a pregnancy, ‘ FIRST ASK YOURSELF’ if you have Time, energy, planning and most importantly financial stability to raise a child. 


Always consult your doctor before planning a pregnancy as it may help you to avoid potential problems that may accompany your pregnancy.

 Your doctor will check your physical and mental health, and may screenings you for some diseases in advance to make sure you have a healthy pregnancy. They can also guide you on how to get pregnant.

Your doctor will ask about your:

  • Medical history and family’s history
  • Previous Obstetrics history
  • Any menstrual problem
  • Current Health Issues
  • Diet and lifestyle pattern
  • Safety of any medications/supplements you’re taking
  • Safety at home and work
  • Mental health concerns


 Getting pre-pregnancy care from an expert   doctor, before you get pregnant, and having regular prenatal care visits throughout your pregnancy are great ways to help lower your chances of having a high-risk pregnancy.

Certain conditions can make pregnancy more difficult. It’s especially important to get per-pregnancy care if you have-

  • High Blood Pressure
  • Heart or Kidney Disease
  • Chronic conditions like Diabetes, lupus, TB
  • History of Miscarriages or Stillbirths
  • Previous   Premature Delivery
  • Risk of having a child with Birth defects/Genetic disorder
  • Underweight or Overweight
  • Age more than 35


Your partner can play a big role, if you want them to. Encouragement and emotional support can be really helpful and important, especially if you’re making changes to your lifestyle as you get ready for pregnancy.

your partner or sperm donor’s health is also important when it comes to getting pregnant. Diet and lifestyle can lower sperm count and semen quality. This can make it harder to get pregnant. 


Some things that can lower sperm count include:

  • alcohol & smoking
  • tobacco chewing
  • frequent time in very hot environments (i.e., hot tubs, saunas, steam rooms)
  • unhealthy diet


Talk to your partner about making lifestyle choices that can help their health and your future pregnancy.


 A missed period is often the first sign that you may be pregnant, but how do you know for sure??

Pregnancy tests are an easy and accurate way to find out if you’re pregnant — you just pee on a stick.  Pregnancy tests are most accurate when you take them after you’ve already missed your period.     They’re inexpensive and available at most drug and grocery stores or you can ask from your fertility doctor.


Pregnancy tests work by checking your urine (pee) for a hormone called human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG). Your body only makes this hormone if you’re pregnant. HCG is released when a fertilized egg attaches to the lining of your uterus — when pregnancy begins. If your pregnancy test results are positive, it means you’re pregnant. If they’re negative, it means you’re not pregnant.


Pregnancy test are not always reliable or accurate like in case the UPT kit is expired our if you don’t use it the right way or your period are not regular, they may give false negative n rarely false positive results.   So always check the expiration date on the package, and carefully read the directions that come with your pregnancy test.

In special case like in case of an IVF pregnancy or when result of UPT in inconsistent you may have to get your blood test of BHcg to finally confirm your pregnancy….


If you take a pregnancy test after you miss your period and the result is positive, that means you’re pregnant. You can always take another test to be sure, if you want.


All pregnant women should always go to your doctor or your fertility clinic to get a follow-up test… Excellent care during pregnancy and childbirth may prevent Maternal and infant mortality


(1st, 2nd, and 3rd Trimester)-

Pregnancy is divided into 3 trimesters. Each trimester is a little longer than 13 weeks. The first month marks the beginning of the first trimester.

What’s Gestational Age?

Pregnancy timing is measured using “gestational age.” Gestational age starts on the first day of your last menstrual period (LMP).

A typical pregnancy lasts 40 weeks from the first day of your last menstrual period (LMP) to the birth of the baby. It is divided into three stages, called trimesters: first trimester, second trimester, and third trimester.


Gestational age can be confusing. Most people think of pregnancy as lasting 9 months. And it’s true that you’re pregnant for about 9 months. But because pregnancy is measured from the first day of your last menstrual period — about 3-4 weeks before you’re actually pregnant — a full-term pregnancy usually totals about 40 weeks from LMP — roughly 10 months.


Many people don’t remember exactly when they started their last menstrual period — that’s OK. The surest way to find out gestational age early in pregnancy is with an ultrasound.

FIRST TRIMESTER (till 12 week)-

Conception to about the 12th week of pregnancy marks the first trimester. A woman undergoes various Physical and emotional Changes during this time. She may also experience

Hormonal changes which affect almost every organ in the body. Some signs of early pregnancy in many women include symptoms like:

  • Extreme fatigue
  • Tender, swollen breasts.
  • Nausea with or without throwing up (morning sickness)
  • Cravings or aversion to certain foods
  • Mood swings
  • Constipation
  • Frequent urination
  • Headache
  • Heartburn
  • Weight gain or loss

Pregnancy advise in first trimester-


  • Consultation your doctor for the confirmation of pregnancy.
  • Variety of prenatal tests will be done to assess the health of the mother and tha baby.
  • Get your vitals checked
  • Drink plenty of fluids.
  • Adjust your work hours to cope up with the tiredness & morning sickness
  • Take tablet folic acid & other prenatal supplements as suggested by your doctor.
  • Avoid lifting heavy weights or bending down frequently.
  • Avoid jerky traveling.
  • Low back discomforts are common which you can reduce by taking frequent naps
  • Follow a healthy diet & avoid spicy food
  • Do take small regular walks to maintain blood pressure.
  • you will be advised NT scan for aneuploidy screening between 11-13 weeks of gestational.


Speak to your doctor if you observe

  • any abnormal discharges from vagina
  • Lower abdomen pain
  • Bleeding or spotting per vagina
  • Excessive vomiting


Pregnancy symptoms often become very noticeable when you’re 2 months pregnant. Your nausea (morning sickness) and fatigue may lessen or go away completely. By the end of the second trimester you will even be able to feel your baby move!

Some changes you may notice in your body in the second trimester include:


  • Back aches and pains in lower abdomen.
  • Stretch marks on your abdomen, breasts, thighs, or buttocks
  • Darkening of the skin around your nipples
  • linea nigra-A line on the skin running from belly button to pubic hairline.
  • Melasma or Chloasma facies-Patches of darker skin, usually over the cheeks, forehead, nose, or upper lip.
  • Numb or tingling hands
  • Itching on the abdomen, palms, and soles of the feet.


Speak to your doctor if you observe-
  • Nausea, loss of appetite, vomiting, yellowing of skin, or fatigue combined with itching. These can be signs of a liver problem.
  • Swelling of the ankles, fingers, and face. If you notice any sudden or extreme swelling or if you gain a lot of weight quickly. This could be a sign of a serious condition called preeclampsia.


  • Discuss with your doctor about your further appointments.
  • Get your tetanus toxoids shots.
  • You will be advised by your doctor for the anomaly scan to be done between 18th to 20th week.
  • Find a prenatal exercise class. Many women find that prenatal exercise classes are a wonderful way to bond with and get support from other pregnant women.
  • Check your BP regularly.
  • Get your sugar levels checked on doctor’s advice and keep the gestational diabetes under control.

If you are diagnosed with the GDM (gestational diabetes Miletus), meet a nutritionist to keep it under control.

  • Start shopping for comfortable maternity clothes.
  • Try to relax on weekends by attending live music concerts, movies, etc.
  • Start moisturizing your belly to reduce the itchiness.
  • Avoid lying on your back.
  • Checkout with the experts as how to cope up with the heartburn, leg cramps, restless legs, backaches and sleeping positions.
  • Dental care is also important during pregnancy.
  • Start Kegel exercises.

Third Trimester: Week 29 – Week 40 (birth)

 In the third and final trimester you will notice more physical changes, including:

  • Swelling of the ankles, fingers, and face.
  • Hemorrhoids
  • Tender breasts, which may leak a watery pre-milk called colostrum
  • Your belly button may protrude
  • Abdominal cramps- is due to uterine contractions which can be a sign of real or false labor.
  • Shortness of breath
  • Heartburn or severe gastritis
  • Difficulty in sleeping

 Internal changes in last trimester-

Other changes are happening in your body during the third trimester that you can’t see. As your due date approaches, your cervix becomes thinner and softer in a process called effacement that helps the cervix open during childbirth. Your doctor will monitor the progress of your pregnancy with regular exams, especially as you near your due date.


  • Strictly follow the advice by your obstetrician.
  • Keep a watch of your baby movements.
  • There is increase tendency for acidity and heartburn, So take small portion of meal at frequent interval.
  • Learn about all the options of delivery – drug-free vaginal delivery, vaginal delivery with pain relief, and cesarean section.
  • It is really important to stay hydrated throughout your pregnancy, especially at the end.
  • Pack a bag for the hospital.
  • Don’t overexert, take small frequent naps.
  • Start shopping for items you’ll need in the hospital (nursing bras, nightgown, baby clothes, and car seat) and at home (diapers, wipes, etc.).
  • Know about the cord blood storage.
  • Get maternity pictures. This is such a special time and it is worth documenting.


contact your health care professional immediately if you experience –

  • Sudden & rapid weight gain of more than 1kg a week.
  • Excessive facial and hand swelling, with or without headache
  • Loss of or decrease fetal movements
  • Sudden gush of watery vaginal discharge
  • Bleeding or spotting per vagina.

Four factors are very important for your doctor   during pregnancy.

 1)To see proper growth of your baby.

  2) To prevent and early diagnose of congenital abnormalities

 3)To see adequate supply of blood to brain and others part

 4)To prevent complications during pregnancy and childbirth.

We advise you to follow all these during pregnancy to enjoy your pregnancy and mommy hood to the fullest.

Best of luck for the delivery and have a safe delivery!

For Follow up Visit Dr. Neha Singh at Gorakhpur and follow her on Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, YouTube Channel, and Linked in Pages for more updates
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